BPFO – Ball pass frequency Outer ring

The spectrum is characterized by the presence of harmonic peaks of the disturbance frequency of the outer ring (between 8 and 10 harmonic multiples of the BPFO).

E.g. for the SKF 22228 bearing, the frequencies are calculated for 1500 revolutions:

So in the spectrum we would see 1x BPFO peak at 205.3Hz and harmonics 2x, 3x, …

Examples of outer ring damage: